Root Canal Treatment
Root Canal Treatment – Endodontics
Root canal treatment is a dental treatment procedure applied in cases where the soft tissue and nerves called pulp located in the internal structure of the tooth are inflamed, decayed or damaged.
The pulp part of the tooth is the soft tissue section located in the center of the tooth. The pulp consists of the tooth’s blood vessels, nerves, and connective tissue. These structures play an important role in the formation of the tooth, but after the teeth are fully formed, the main function of the pulp is to perceive the sensation of the tooth. The pulp can become inflamed, damaged, or infected due to conditions such as deep caries, fractures, trauma, or dental infections.
Endodontics, or root canal therapy, is a treatment method used to clean this inflamed, damaged or infected pulp and disinfect the inside of the tooth. In this way, the structure of the tooth is preserved and tooth extraction is prevented. Root canal treatment helps save the tooth and preserve the functionality of the mouth.
In Which Situations is Root Canal Therapy Applied?
Deep Tooth Decay
Enamel and dentin, the hard outer layers of the tooth, prevent bacteria from reaching the inside of the tooth. However, as a result of deep caries or fractures, these outer layers may be damaged and bacteria can reach the pulp area of the tooth. In this case, the pulp may become inflamed and root canal treatment may be required.
Dental traumas refer to injuries that occur as a result of the teeth in the mouth being exposed to an impact or accident. Dental trauma usually occurs in children and teenagers but can occur in any age group. The severity of dental trauma may vary depending on factors such as the severity of the impact and the structure of the affected tooth. As a result of an impact to the tooth, the pulp may be damaged and root canal treatment may be required.
Infections in Tooth
Inflammation occurs inside the tooth as a result of infection of the pulp. In this case, inflammation is eliminated by applying root canal treatment. Inflammations in the tooth can often be called gingivitis or tooth root inflammation: abscess.
Gingivitis is inflammation of the tissues around the teeth. It usually develops as a result of the accumulation of a layer of bacteria called dental plaque and causing irritation on the gums. Dental plaque can harden and turn into tartar without regular brushing and flossing.
Tooth Root Inflammation:
Abscess occurs as a result of infection in the soft tissue area called pulp inside the tooth. This can cause painful and serious discomfort. Treatment of tooth root infection is necessary to prevent the spread of infection and save the tooth. Treatment options may include root canal treatment, drainage of the abscess, and sometimes tooth extraction. If left untreated, an abscess can lead to serious health problems.
In What Stages Does Root Canal Treatment Take Place?
- Before starting the root canal treatment, the tooth and its surrounding area are anesthetized with local anesthesia, so the patient feels minimal discomfort from the procedure.
- With a material placed on the tooth, a small hole is opened on the tooth and the pulp chamber is accessed.
- Inflamed or damaged pulp is carefully cleaned, and the pulp chamber and root canals are cleaned and shaped with special instruments.
- The root canals are filled with gutta percha, a special filling material, and the upper part of the tooth is temporarily closed.
- After root canal treatment, the tooth is permanently restored. Most often, fillings, porcelain veneers or dental crowns are used.
Root canal treatment usually takes several sessions, but at the end of the procedure, the function and aesthetics of the tooth return to normal. With a successful root canal treatment, the natural structure of the tooth is preserved and its extraction is prevented. However, it is important to take care of the tooth after treatment and follow the dentist’s recommendations.
Root canal treatment usually takes several sessions, and the success rate of the treatment is quite high. After the treatment, the tooth is ensured to maintain its normal function and gain an aesthetic appearance. However, it is important to take care of the tooth after treatment and follow the dentist’s recommendations.
Endodontics – Advantages of Root Canal Treatment
- Root canal treatment allows saving an infected or inflamed tooth without having to extract it. This helps maintain the function of the tooth and preserve the structure of the mouth.
- Root canal treatment helps greatly reduce or eliminate pain as it clears inflammation and infection inside the tooth. The patient usually feels more comfortable after treatment.
- The inflammation of an infected tooth can spread to the surrounding tissues and jawbone. Root canal treatment prevents more serious complications by preventing the spread of infection.
- Tooth extraction can lead to missing teeth and jaw bone loss. By protecting the tooth with root canal treatment, it helps preserve the natural tooth structure and maintain an aesthetic appearance.
- After root canal treatment, the tooth regains its functionality and appearance. Tooth colour, shape and function are restored, increasing the patient’s confidence.
- Root canal treatment can usually be completed in a few sessions. Therefore, faster results can be achieved compared to other long-term treatments.
- After a successful root canal treatment, the life of the tooth can continue for many years. The long-term effects of the treatment can be maintained with proper oral care and regular dentist check-ups.
- Having the tooth extracted and then replacing the missing tooth with an implant or prosthesis can often be more costly than root canal treatment. Root canal treatment can save the tooth and provide a more economical option in the long run.
Root canal treatment is recommended by the dentist depending on the patient’s condition and the condition of the tooth. If you notice signs of inflammation or pain in your tooth, you can consult a dentist as soon as possible to evaluate appropriate treatment options.