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    Gynecomastia – Male Breast Aesthetics

    Gynecomastia is the name given to the abnormal and benign growth of breast tissue in men due to the imbalance of estrogen and testosterone hormones. This condition may affect one breast in some cases, or both breasts in some cases. Both breasts may grow unevenly and reach different sizes.

    Gynecomastia can be seen in newborn babies, adolescent boys and older men. Adolescent boys and older men may develop gynecomastia due to natural changes in hormone levels. However, other causes can also cause gynecomastia.

    Gynecomastia does not usually pose a serious health problem, but it can be psychologically challenging for affected individuals. In some cases, pain may be felt in the breasts and individuals may feel embarrassed.

    Some studies show that one in every three men has gynecomastia ; It shows that there is growth of breast tissue in men. This condition can also occur in infancy and old age, but occurs most often in adolescence. According to a study , gynecomastia can be seen in 34.6% of men during adolescence.

    Gynecomastia may heal spontaneously depending on the underlying cause, but in some cases, interventions such as medication or surgery may be required. Therefore, it is important for individuals suffering from gynecomastia to consult a doctor to evaluate their condition and determine appropriate treatment options.

    What are the Causes of Gynecomastia?

    Gynecomastia is a condition defined as the enlargement and swelling of breast tissue in men.

    In men, the hormones testosterone and estrogen control sex characteristics. If there is a change in hormonal balance, the effect of estrogen may increase and gynecomastia may occur. Hormonal changes during adolescence, infancy and aging can cause gynecomastia.

    Many medications can cause gynecomastia. Anti-androgen drugs that prevent prostate growth or used in the treatment of prostate cancer, anabolic steroids, some antiretroviral drugs used in the treatment of AIDS, anxiety medications, antidepressants, antibiotics, ulcer drugs, chemotherapies and some heart medications can cause this condition.

    Substances such as alcohol, amphetamine, marijuana, heroin and methadone can also cause gynecomastia.

    Health problems such as hypogonadism (impairment in testosterone production), tumors (testicular, adrenal, pituitary gland), hyperthyroidism (excessive secretion of thyroid hormone), kidney failure, liver failure and cirrhosis can also cause gynecomastia.

    It is thought that tea tree and lavender oils found in some shampoos, soaps or lotions may cause gynecomastia due to the low estrogenic activity they contain.

    Gynecomastia may resolve spontaneously depending on the detection of the underlying cause, but in some cases, interventions such as medication or surgery may be required. If you suffer from gynecomastia, it is important to consult a doctor to evaluate your condition and determine appropriate treatment options.

    Gynecomastia Treatment Options

    Gynecomastia treatment may vary depending on the determination of the underlying causes. Gynecomastia may occur due to hormonal imbalances, medication use, health problems or other factors. Treatment may consist of various methods depending on the cause and severity of gynecomastia.

    Surgical Intervention in Gynecomastia Treatment

    Surgical intervention to treat gynecomastia may involve removal or correction of breast tissue. These types of surgical procedures are generally preferred in cases where there is excess breast tissue and when other treatment methods have failed.


    In some men with gynecomastia, liposuction method can be applied only to remove fat tissue.

    Subcutaneous Mastectomy:

    In cases where there is excess breast tissue, breast tissue can be removed through incisions made under the breast or around the nipple.

    Anchor Technique:

    If gynecomastia and breast sagging occur together, excess tissue is removed and the breast is reshaped using a method called the anchor technique.

    Treatment of Health Problems That Cause Gynecomastia

    If gynecomastia occurs due to another health problem, the focus is primarily on the treatment of this underlying health problem. Gynecomastia treatment may vary depending on the severity of the condition, the person’s general health condition, and personal preferences.

    It is important to be examined and evaluated by a plastic surgeon or endocrinologist to determine the treatment option. Treatment is usually planned and implemented according to the patient’s symptoms and needs.

    Gynecomastia Surgery Process

    A patient complaining of gynecomastia should first consult a plastic surgeon. The surgeon evaluates the patient’s health condition, performs the necessary examinations to determine the cause of gynecomastia, and determines whether the patient is suitable for surgery.

    The surgeon determines the appropriate surgery method according to the patient’s gynecomastia type and severity. The surgery plan is created taking into account the patient’s expectations.

    The surgery is usually performed under general anesthesia. The surgeon performs gynecomastia surgery according to the determined method. In surgery, excess breast tissue is removed or corrected. The procedure can be performed with various techniques such as liposuction, subcutaneous mastectomy or anchor technique.

    The post-operative recovery process is important. After the surgery, you may stay under observation in the hospital for a while. A bandage or dressing is applied to the surgical area and the patient is put on a special corset. This corset is used to support the healing process and reduce swelling.

    It is important for the patient to rest in the postoperative period and act in accordance with the instructions given by the doctor. Active sports and heavy physical activities should be avoided. Postoperative checks are performed regularly and the follow-up plan recommended by the surgeon is followed.

    The gynecomastia surgery process may differ for each patient. Going for regular check-ups as recommended by your surgeon, complying with his instructions and paying attention to the healing process will ensure that you have a successful surgery and recovery process.

    Recovery After Gynecomastia

    Recovery after gynecomastia surgery is quite fast. On average, the surgery takes 1-1.5 hours. Following the surgery, a bandage is wrapped around the chest area and replaced with a special corset the next day. You may be asked to continue using the corset for the next 1 month. It will usually be possible to return to your normal life within 3 to 5 days.

    However, if you are actively doing sports, you may need to take a break from these activities for 1 month after surgery. This time is important to allow your body to complete the healing process and allow the tissues to settle properly.

    Mild edema may occur in the first months after the surgery, but these edema will disappear over time. The full recovery process is usually completed in the 6th month after the surgery and the results become clear.

    Does Gynecomastia Surgery Leave a Scar ?

    Gynecomastia surgery is a surgical intervention that involves removing or correcting breast tissue. In this type of surgery, small incisions are made where breast tissue is removed or corrected. The size of these incisions may vary depending on the severity of gynecomastia and the treatment method.

    Generally, with the advancement of surgical techniques, surgical scars have become smaller and less noticeable. The surgeon carefully places the incisions to preserve as aesthetic appearance as possible. However, slight scars may remain after gynecomastia surgery.

    The size and appearance of surgery scars may vary from person to person. The healing process of surgical scars may vary depending on the patient’s body structure, skin type and post-operative care. In the post-surgical period, scars usually fade and become unclear over time.