A dental implant is an artificial tooth root made of biocompatible titanium and titanium alloy. Dental implant is a surgical procedure that offers an aesthetic and functional permanent dental solution to people who are missing teeth. Dental implants are placed in the jawbone where the missing tooth is. The biocompatible artificial tooth root fuses to the jawbone and functions like a natural tooth root.
Advantages of Dental Implant
Dental implants offer a number of important advantages to people suffering from missing teeth. The most obvious advantages of dental implants:
Dental Implants Offer a Natural Appearance
Dental implants are designed and look similar to natural teeth. In this way, people who are missing teeth can have a natural and aesthetic smile thanks to implants.
Dental Implants Offer Comfort and Safety
It is not removable like other dental prostheses. Since they are placed in a fixed position, they do not move or cause discomfort during daily activities.
Dental Implants Improve Speech and Eating Function
Dental implants replace missing teeth, correcting speech and improving chewing function. Thanks to implants, patients feel comfortable eating and talking.
Dental Implants Are Long-Lasting
With good care and hygiene, dental implants can last a long time. They are more durable and long-lasting compared to other dental prostheses.
Dental Implants Protect the Jawbone
Since dental implants are placed on the jawbone, they stimulate the jawbone, protect its health and prevent the jawbone from melting.
Dental Implants Do Not Harm Neighboring Teeth
While other dental treatments damage neighboring teeth, dental implants are used to replace the missing tooth without touching the neighboring teeth.
Dental Implants Increase Self-Confidence
Having a healthy and aesthetic smile increases a person’s self-confidence and helps them feel better psychologically.
Dental Implant Types
There are various types of dental implants with different shapes, sizes, structures and application methods. Implant types may vary depending on the material used, design and method of application. Some of the commonly used dental implant types:
Endosteal Implants are They are commonly used implants. They are placed inside the jawbone, directly on the bone. They are usually made of titanium and integrate well with the jawbone. Endosteal implants can be used for single teeth or implant-supported dentures.
Subperiosteal Implants are placed under the jawbone, on the membrane called periosteum. They are used in patients whose jawbone is not deep enough or other treatment options are not suitable. Subperiosteal implants are used less frequently.
Zirconium implants may be preferred in some patients as an alternative to traditional titanium implants. Zirconium implants are used for high biocompatibility and to reduce the risk of allergic reactions.
Stepped implants are used especially in patients with bone deficiency or reduced jaw bone volume. Stepped implants aim to increase implant success by being applied to areas that do not have enough space on the jawbone.
All-On-4 and All-On-6 Implants
In All-on-4 and All-on-6 implant methods, a fixed dental prosthesis is supported by one or several implants. The name “All-on-4” means that an entire dental prosthesis is supported using four implants, while “All-on-6” means it is supported using six implants. This method is a convenient and economical option for patients with many missing teeth.
Because every patient is different, it is important to consult with a dentist to determine which type of implant is best for you. Your dentist will recommend the most appropriate dental implant option based on your mouth structure, missing teeth and other health conditions.
Application Stages of Dental Implants
Inspection and Evaluation
First, your dentist will evaluate the condition of your teeth by performing an oral and dental examination; Your missing teeth and jawbone structure will be examined. He will then determine whether implant treatment is suitable for you.
Preparation of the Dental Implant Site
The area where your missing tooth is and the area where the implant will be placed is prepared. A small surgical cut is made in the jawbone where the implant will be placed, and a suitable sized space is opened in the jawbone for the implant.
Placement of the Dental Implant
The biocompatible titanium implant is carefully placed in the prepared place in the jawbone. The procedure is usually performed under local anesthesia and the patient does not feel pain.
Healing Process of Dental Implant
A certain healing process is required for the implant to fuse and integrate into the jawbone. This process ensures that the implant is firmly bonded to the jawbone and increases the durability of the implant. The healing process can vary depending on the person’s health condition and jawbone quality and usually takes several months.
Preparation of Artificial Tooth
After the Dental Implant completes the healing process, the superstructure, that is, the artificial tooth or dental prosthesis, is placed on the implant. This superstructure replaces the missing tooth and provides an appearance and function similar to natural teeth.
Technological and Professional Solution to Replenish Missing Teeth
Dental implants can be successfully applied to people who have a solid jawbone structure and good oral hygiene. Implant treatment is longer lasting than other dental treatments and improves patients’ chewing functions, speaking abilities and aesthetic appearance. However, since every patient is different, it is important to make a detailed evaluation with your dentist and create an appropriate treatment plan for dental implant application.