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    Bariatric – Obesity Surgery

    Bariatric surgery is a surgical method used to correct extreme obesity. Extreme obesity is a term used for people with a body mass index over 40. Bariatric surgery involves a variety of procedures performed for the purpose of weight loss.

    What is Bariatric Surgery?

    Bariatric surgery aims to promote weight loss by reducing the size of a person’s stomach or altering their digestive system. This process allows the person to eat less, feel full faster, and therefore consume fewer calories.

    The most common bariatric surgery methods include procedures such as stomach reduction surgeries : gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy, adjustable gastric banding, and biliopancreatic diversion. These procedures can lead to reductions in obesity-related health problems such as diabetes, hypertension, sleep apnea, and often long-term weight loss.

    Bariatric surgery may be an option for people with severe obesity, but an evaluation and medical consultation is necessary to decide whether it is appropriate for each patient. Along with pre- and post-surgical diet and lifestyle changes , bariatric surgery is part of a holistic approach to managing obesity and losing weight.

    In Which Situations Can Bariatric Surgery Be Applied?

    For a person to be offered bariatric treatment, they must meet certain criteria. Generally, some criteria that can be considered and evaluated for bariatric treatment include:

    Body Mass Index Criteria

    BMI is a measure of obesity and a factor used for bariatric treatment. Generally, individuals with a BMI over 40 or individuals with a BMI over 35 and obesity-related health problems : diabetes, hypertension, sleep apnea may be candidates for bariatric treatment.

    Failure of Weight Loss Attempts

    Bariatric treatment may be considered if individuals have previously tried diet, exercise, and other weight loss methods without success.

    Health Problems

    If an individual has obesity-related health problems (e.g. type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, joint problems), bariatric treatment may be considered.

    To decide on bariatric treatment, it is important to meet with a healthcare professional and receive a comprehensive evaluation. Since each individual’s situation is different, the treatment option should be specific to the individual and evaluated by experts.

    Bariatric Surgery Treatment Types

    Bariatric surgery may be considered in individuals who have obesity-related health problems and who have unsuccessfully tried other methods to lose weight. Surgical options are determined based on weight loss goals and the individual’s health status. The most common bariatric surgery procedures are:

    Gastric Bypass

    In this procedure, the stomach is reduced and a part of the stomach is bypassed and connected to the small intestine. In this way, the stomach volume is reduced and some of the nutrients pass through without being absorbed. Thus, the amount of food is limited and absorption is reduced.

    Gastric Sleeve – Gastrectomy

    In this procedure, a large part of the stomach is removed, leaving it in the form of a smaller tube. Stomach volume decreases and less eating capacity occurs. Also, appetite may decrease due to some hormonal changes.

    Adjustable Gastric Band

    In this procedure, a band is placed on the upper part of the stomach. The tightness of the band can be adjusted and causes the stomach to shrink. In this way, the amount of food is limited and the feeling of fullness increases.